Unit 12: Different Lives
Meaning Word Meaning Word
زحمة المرور traffic jam متضايق annoyed
بالقرب nearby غاضب angry
هواء air محبط disappointed
صمت – هدوء silence منزعج upset
ضوضاء/ صاخب noise/noisy نزهة picnic
قذارة / قذر dirt/dirty ميناء port
مدرسة إعدادية middle school أقارب relatives
شعبى – محبوب popular أثاث (عفش) furniture
موضوع التعبير composition مساحة فارغة – فضاء space
وقت الفراغ free time مصمم ملابس clothes designer
مقال article تلوث pollution
Past participle Past Meaning Present
agreed agreed يوافق agree
disagreed disagreed يعارض disagree
baked baked يخبز bake
spent spent ينفق/يقضى spend
served served يخدم serve
tidied tidied يرتب tidy
polluted polluted يلوث pollute
الأسماء التى تعد والتى لا تعد 1- Countable and uncountable nouns
تنقسم الأسماء إلى:
1- أسماء تعد countable nouns وهى الأسماء التى لها جمع plural فى اللغة وتجمع بطرق الجمع المختلفة:
طرق جمع الأسماء
أ- بإضافة s إلى نهاية الاسم: car cars/door doors/book books
ب: بإضافة es إلى نهاية الاسم الذى ينتهى بالحروف الاتيه ((ss-o-x-ch-sh: box boxes/class classes
ج: بقلب أل y إلى ies إذا كان قبلها حرف ساكن: factory factories/story stories
د: قلب أل f / fe إلى ves: knife knives/shelf shelves
هـ: جمع شاذ: child children/man men/woman women/foot feet/tooth teeth
2- أسماء لا تعد uncountable nouns وهى أسماء ليس لها جمع فى اللغة وتعمل معاملة المفرد دائما:
oil – water – milk – sugar – salt – tea – coffee – peace – love – money – homework – space – furniture – information – music – noise – chocolate
3- أسماء تعد ولا تعد countable and uncountable nouns وهى أسماء تعد فى مواضع ولا تعد فى أخرى حسب
معناها: time – school – cake
تعبيرات الكمية 2- Expressions of quantity
أولا: تعبيرات بمعنى الكثير (a lot of – many – much)
1- تأتى a lot of (lots of) مع الأسماء التى تعد والتى لا تعد فى جملة مثبتة.
2- تأتى (many) مع الأسماء التى تعد فقط فى جملة منفية أو سؤال.
3- تأتى (much) مع الأسماء التى لا تعد فقط فى جملة منفية أو سؤال.
ثانيا: تعبيرات بمعنى القليل (a few – a little)
1- تأتى a few مع العدد
2- تأتى a little مع الكمية
ثالثا: (some – any)
1- تأتى some مع الأسماء التى تعد والتى لا تعد فى جملة مثبتة.
2- تأتى any مع الأسماء التى لا تعد والتى لا تعد فى جملة منفية أو سؤال.
توضع some فى السؤال فى حالتين:
أ: العرض offer: Would you like some tea?
ب: الطلب request: Could you lend me some money, please?
تدخل too على many, much, few, little لتعطى زيادة شديدة أو نقصان شديد فى العدد أو الكمية.
عند إعطاء رأى نقول:
• I think ……….
• In my opinion …….
• I’d rather ……….
• ياتى بعد rather فعل فى المصدر وعند المقارنة توضع كلمة than فى وسط الجملة.
• ولكن إذا جاء بعد rather فاعل ثانى يكون الفعل بعده فى زمن الماضى البسيط.
للموافقة على رأى شخص نقول:
• Yes, I agree
• Yes, I think so
• Yes. That what I think.
عند الاعتراض مع شخص فى الرأى نقول:
• I don’t agree.
• I disagree
• No, I don’t think so.
عند السؤال عن رأى شخص نقول:
• What do you think of ……..?
• Do you think …………?
1) Choose the correct answer:
1- I was prepared for the exam, so I wasn’t (cheerful – pleased – happy – upset).
2- Not everybody agrees. Some (accept – allow – disagree – remember) for good reasons.
3- There was traffic (movement – passage – jam – transport), so we were late for work.
4- The opposite of "better" is (less – worse – more – uglier).
5- In my (mind – opinion – sight – thought), more and more desert land should be reclaimed.
6- We’d rather (spent – spending – to spend – spend) the weekend in the zoo than in the park.
7- Sorry, I haven’t got (many – a lot – much – some) information about life in Italy.
8- We can’t accept your invitation. We have got (too much – a lot of – any – too little) free time today.
9- Salaw was (busy – free – late – annoyed) because Mona didn’t attend her wedding party.
10- He felt (cheerful – interested – hungry – disappointed) when he failed the final exams.
11- The opposite of "disappointed" is (hopeless – hopeful – honest – horrible).
12- I’m afraid I didn’t (make – get – do – keep) well in the job interview.
13- There were too (much – few – a lot of – many) people at the meeting and the hall was very crowded.
14- The test was very difficult, so (much – a lot of – a few – a little) students were able to pass.
15- The information you have given to me (are – were – has been – have been) very useful.
16- She was very upset (from – with – in – about) the bad results of her son in the test.
17- We still had too (many – much – few – little) time before we left the station, so we weren’t in a hurry.
18- I can’t buy new shoes because I have got too (little – much – few – many) money.
19- Most books are made of (papers - paper – a paper – the papers).
2) Write what you would say in each of the following situations:
1- Your classmate thinks that there is too much pollution in Cairo. You have the same opinion.
2- You can’t answer a friend’s invitation to the theatre.
3- Your big brother says that children should play all the time. You don’t agree.
4- You tell a friend what you think of the English language.
5- You ask your friend about his impression of yesterday’s match.
3) Re-write the following sentences using the words(s) in brackets to give the same meaning:
1- I don’t think so. (disagree)
2- I wondered about her silence on the subject. (silent)
3- He was annoyed as he lost his new watch. (so)
4- The news I heard was untrue. (true)
5- I think there are too many cars in our town. (opinion).
6- England has a good football team. Hazem has the same opinion. (agrees)
7- I’d prefer to relax now. (rather)
4) Read the following passage, then answer the questions:
Science has always played an important part in our life. It has increased our knowledge about everything around us. How? Every now and then, there are new inventions that help us find out secrets we didn’t use to know.
The compass helps people who travel by sea, though the desert or by plane to know directions, north, south, east and west. The telescope has revealed the wideness and the beauty of the universe. We, now, know plants and stars that were unknown before. The microscope helps scientists and doctors see very tiny things such as bacteria. Recently,
Professor Ahmed Zwail has made a great discovery, the femto second, a very small portion of time. It will help a great deal in achieving advances in all fields of life.
A) Answer the following questions:
1- What’s the use of the compass?
2- How has the telescope revealed the universe?
3- What’s the name of Professor Zwail’s discovery?
B) Choose the correct answer:
1- The underlined word, "it" refers to (the compass – the telescope – science – the microscope).
2- The microscope helps us to see (people – plants – bacteria – planes).
3- The underlined word, "tiny" means (high – very big – very small – wide).
5) Read and correct the underlined words:
1- She didn’t real have a good day.
2- They are poor and have a few furniture.
3- My grandma died in the age of seventy.
4- They come from different country.